Developed in the years after World War II in the town of Reggio Emilia in Italy by Loris Malaguzzi, this philosophy of education places higher value on the construction of knowledge by the child in his or her relationship with the school environment, the teacher and the parents, rather than a one-way transmission of information.The bases for this system are collaboration and communication –between children, teachers, parents, school and community. Parents are highly encouraged to participate in their children’s learning process and to be involved as much as they can as an active part of the school community.
philosophyph2The Reggio Emilia Philosophy is a Constructivist approach to education. The Reggio Emilia Philosophy focuses on each child as an individual full of potential. The child is viewed not as an empty system to be filled with facts and data, but as a person full of curiosity and creativity, which should be intentionally stimulated by the teacher and the environment. This way the child makes meaningful connections to their world, developing a life-long interest for learning and exploration, and becoming independent and responsible citizens.


The teacher in the Reggio approach is seen as a facilitator of the co-construction of knowledge. She guides the children to think and construct their own theories. The teacher provides children with opportunities to communicate their ideas, to express themselves in different ways using different media.
The Atelierista – a teacher-artist – collaborates with the teacher and helps the children develop different artistic skills and techniques that will allow them to express themselves successfully in multiple languages. In the atelier area, the children are offered daily opportunities to encounter many types of material, many expressive media, many points of view, working actively with hands and minds, in a context that values the expressiveness and creativity of each child in the group.

The environment is our third teacher. The physical space is of utmost importance. It is the place where both children and parents feel welcomed and that they belong. This will allow the connections and sense of community to develop which will lead to meaningful experiences and learning. Everything in the environment is thought to be part of the learning process and an opportunity to discover and explore.

CNN News Report on Reggio Emilia Italy Early Childhood Schools in the US